Several students have enquired in recent days about information sources that examine the link between a child's background and their educational achievement. So it's quite timely that the DCSF has just published Deprivation and Education: The Evidence on Pupils in England,
Foundation Stage to Key Stage 4. This detailed report examines factors such as ethnicity, free school meals, attendance and SEN, and how the culture of individual schools can have an impact in addressing such issues. The concluding lengthy list of references should also provide you with some suggestions for further reading.
If you're writing an assignment in this area, you may also want to take a look at Chicken and Egg: Child Poverty and Educational Inequalities, a report which was published by the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) in 2007. Clicking on the 'Child Poverty' link in the 'Hot Topics' column on the right of this page will also bring up a list of previous posts that may be of use to you.